General Instructional Principles for Teachers

Effective teachers help prepare their students to learn when they introduce, conduct and conclude each academic lesson. These principles of effective instruction, which reflect what we know about how to educate all children in the class, will especially help a child with dyslexia to stay focused on his or her assigned tasks as he or she transitions for one lesson to another throughout the school day.

Students with dyslexia benefit from clear statements about their teacher's expectations at the beginning of the lesson.

You may wish to keep the following in mind

Review previous lessons.

Review information about previous lesson on a particular topic. For example, remind children that yesterday’s lesson focused on learning how to do the Pythagoras theorem.

Review several problems before describing the current lesson set learning expectations.

State what students are expected to learn during the lesson. For example, explain to students that an English language lesson will involve reading a poem from Wordsworth and identifying new words in the poem.

Set behavioral expectations. Describe how students are expected to behave during the lesson. For example, tell children that they may talk quietly to their partner as they work on a set-work assignment or raise their hands to get your attention.

State needed materials. Identify all materials that the child will need during the lesson. For example, specify that children need their scrapbook and pencils for the update of the scrapbook or their crayons, scissors, and colored paper for an art project; rather than leaving children to figure out on their own the materials required for a lesson.

Explain additional resources. Tell students how to obtain help in mastering the lesson. For example, remind the children to refer to a particular page in the textbook to get help in completing a worksheet.

For detailed information on this subject please contat the Dyslexia Association of India and we would be very happy to be of assistance.